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“Budget secrecy”: the opposition indicated 18% and Centrao, reported 50% of the amendments to the STF | Policy

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Parties opposing the government Jair Bolsonaro no National Senate It earned, in 2020 and 2021, 18% of Detailed course adjustments to the Federal Supreme Court (STF). The percentage is well below the 50% obtained by the five acronyms of the so-called “Centrão”, a political bloc supporting the government in Parliament.

The percentages reveal inequality in the distribution of resources – which, according to experts, favors the performance of the executive branch within Congress (see below). Course modifications have been dubbedsecret budget“Because of the lack of transparency and the use of political criteria in mapping transfers.

Operating System Letters with money details It was introduced by Representatives and Senators after the STF was selected. In total, parliamentarians provided information on R$10.9 billion in decision amendments, which represents 29.6% of the total allocated budget for these resources in 2020 and 2021 (36.9 billion R$).

Much of the documents were submitted without minimum standards of transparency, and each parliamentarian sent the information differently – some, for example, did not detail the values ​​of the amendments, and the municipalities did not benefit. Format received Specialized Reviews.

Before the STF decided to release the data, all of the nominations were included in the federal budget on behalf of the text rapporteur — even though this congressman was serving the interests of Representatives and other senators. With this, the real author name of each indicator remained hidden.

Secret budget: Congress detailed only 29% of the amount reserved in 2020 and 2021

According to the survey Globo TVAnd g 1 H Globo NewsAnd Three opposition parties – the Workers’ Party, PSB and PDT – were responsible for the nomination of R$195.85 million. detailed modifications.

The figure is slightly higher, for example, than the 189.4 million R$ indicated by the President of the Republic, Vice Marcos Pereira (SP).

When submitting documents to the STF, PSOL, PCdoB, and Rede reported that they provided no references in course modifications.

The room’s PSOL leader, Samia Pomfim (SP), describes the distribution of course amendments as an “skew” — in her view, due to the amount of resources, the lack of technical standards in her department, and because practice, means buying a political base for the government in Congress.

“[As emendas de relator] They are mediated by parliamentarians for their electoral strongholds, often on issues that are not a priority in the public budget,” he said.

“Because they have a large share of the budget, these parliamentarians end up voting and agreeing on an agenda. [presidente Jair] Bolsonaro, not disagreeing with him, makes it very difficult, for example, to analyze an impeachment request or any harsher punishment or demand.”

Congress: 404 deputies responded to the amendments
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Congress: 404 Representatives Respond to “Secret Budget” Amendments

The amount provided by the opposition is much less than what the parties allied with the government received. together or together, Five translations of the center The core of government support in Congress – PL, PP, Republicans, PTB and PSC – is considered 5.45 billion Brazilian reais from detailed remittancesWhich represents 50% of course modifications.

The People’s Party, which indicated more than R$2 billion in the decision amendments, is the party of the President of the Chamber, Arthur Lyra (AL) of the Minister of the Civil House, Cerro Nogueira (PI), the head of government in the chamber, Ricardo Barros (Public relations).

Alone, Lira was responsible for setting R$357.5 million in 2020 and 2021. Ricardo Barros She mentioned a more modest figure: R$17.6 million in the two years.

Ciro did not submit her nominations, but her mother and deputy senator, Ilian Nogueira (PP-PI), was the second parliamentarian to benefit most from the resource: 399.3 million R$ in five months of the term in 2021.

União Brasil (a party created from the merger of DEM and PSL) and PSD, the party of the President of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (MG), is also among the parties that most indicated decision amendments – R$1.65 billion and R$1.52 billion, respectively.

With these values, acronyms rank third and fourth among the parties that benefit most from course modifications (See the list below). Although they are not formally at the base of government and consider themselves independent, acronyms usually vote as directed by the executive branch.

The Senate President was responsible for allocating R$180.4 million in scheduled amendments in 2021. Pacheco reported that he did not refer to resources of this type in 2020.

Video: How it works

Video: How the “secret budget” works

Variation in distribution

Unlike individual amendments, which are equally divided between each parliament, regardless of party or country, Course modifications do not follow objective or relative distribution criteria at the time of nomination.

That’s why a member of parliament can nominate about 400 million R$ and another who has no indication at all.

In the opinion of experts, the uneven distribution of resources allows the executive branch and its allies in Congress the advantage of parliamentarians who vote with the government, punishing opponents.

“In addition to the problem of the lack of transparency, which prevents the effective inspection of oversight bodies, such as the Federal Audit Court and the Public Prosecution Office, there is a large disparity in access to resources, which represents the use of government agencies and from the public budget in favor of friends. It is a clear abuse of economic power with money. year for electoral purposes,” says Fundação political scientist Getúlio Vargas (FGV) Claáudio Couto.

“The executive gives up directing a large portion of public spending, alienates this attribution to its leaders in Congress, and generates a kind of budget government in Congress for a few.”

See the distribution of adjustments by the Rapporteur by parties – the amounts refer only to the portion of adjustments detailed in the documents sent to the STF:

Secret budget: amounts set by the party

broken Detailed value
s R $ 2,006,625.961,21
PL 1,678,088,665,71 BRL
Brazil Federation 1.656,624.376.04 BRL
PSD 1.525.131.106.04 Brazilian Real
Republicans 1,431,276.996.66 Brazilian Real
MDB 1,153,684.564.03 BRL
PSDB 365,377.254,46 BRL
PSC 301.440.291,20 BRL
straight ahead 144.193.591.00 BRL
We can 113.472.509.00 BRL
PROS 100.389.992,24 BRL
PDT 91.408.043.00 BRL
patriot 90.915.801,33 BRL
symbiosis 86,050.219.91 BRL
PT 73,240,063,96 BRL
Citizenship 36,793,993, 18 BRL
PTB 35.000.808.04 Brazilian Real
PSB 31,208.301.73 BRL
PV 8,220.000.00 Brazilian Real

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